Science

Aims

  • To develop children’s ways  of  thinking, of  finding out and communicating ideas.
  • To encourage pupils to  relate  their  knowledge  and  understanding to everyday experiences.
  • To provide the opportunity for children to investigate the world around them with all of their senses.
  • To develop knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas, processes and skills.
  • To encourage children’s sense of awe and wonder at the world around them.
  • To encourage curiosity and a desire to question and explore the things they observe and experience.
  • To teach children the practical skills required to investigate safely.
  • To develop children’s skills of predicting, asking questions, concluding and evaluating.
  • To increase children’s use and understanding of scientific vocabulary.
  • To develop pupil’s respect for the environment and living things.

Within Reception children are taught in accordance with the revised Early Years Foundation Stage Profile.  Science is taught within the Prime Area of Physical Development and within the Specific Area of Understanding the World. Work in Reception is closely linked wherever possible, to the ‘International Primary Curriculum’ topics.

Years 1 onwards follow the National Curriculum and International curriculum.

Scientific topics are taught and planned for every half term.  Science activities are planned to show progression and differentiation. 

Experimental and investigative work is key throughout each topic. Science lessons may include whole class, small group or individual work.   

Opportunities for cross-curricular learning are encouraged to develop and enhance scientific skills, knowledge and understanding.

Key Stage 1 - Years 1&2
The principal focus of science teaching in Key Stage 1 is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the natural and humanly constructed world around them. They should be encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice. They should be helped to develop their understanding of scientific ideas by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative tests, and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They should begin to use simple scientific language to talk about what they have found out and communicate their ideas to a range of audiences in a variety of ways. Most of the learning about science should be done through the use of first-hand practical experiences, but there should also be some use of appropriate secondary sources, such as books, photographs and videos.

Lower Key Stage 2 – Years 3&4 
The principal focus of science teaching in lower key stage 2 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They should do this through exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena and the relationships between living things and familiar environments, and by beginning to develop their ideas about functions, relationships and interactions. They should ask their own questions about what they observe and make some decisions about which types of scientific enquiry are likely to be the best ways of answering them, including observing changes over time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative and fair tests and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They should draw simple conclusions and use some scientific language, first, to talk about and, later, to write about what they have found out. 

Upper Key Stage 2 – Years 5&6
The principal focus of science teaching in upper key stage 2 is to enable pupils to develop a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas. They should do this through exploring and talking about their ideas; asking their own questions about scientific phenomena; and analysing functions, relationships and interactions more systematically. At upper key stage 2, they should encounter more abstract ideas and begin to recognise how these ideas help them to understand and predict how the world operates. They should also begin to recognise that scientific ideas change and develop over time. They should select the most appropriate ways to answer science questions using different types of scientific enquiry, including observing changes over different periods of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out comparative and fair tests and finding things out using a wide range of secondary sources of information. Pupils should draw conclusions based on their data and observations, use evidence to justify their ideas, and use their scientific knowledge and understanding to explain their findings. 

 

Please click below to find out information about our Science curriculum on a year by year basis:

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Useful links

Science Policy


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Harpenden Academy

Vaughan Rd

Harpenden

Hertfordshire

AL5 4EN

01582 716910

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